6 Mistakes To Avoid When Handling SD to the Minimum

Memory cards, convenient and portable, are ideal storage devices for electronics such as DSLRs. They offer a substantial amount of space at minimal cost. Despite their advantages, SD cards have had issues according to multiple photography experts. Problems experienced include video content that disappears and damaged photos. The good news is there are steps you can take to ensure the SD card is kept well.

Removing the card

Avoid removing the card whether it is a camera or memory card reader on the computer unless the files are fully copied. 6 Mistakes To Avoid When Handling SD to the MinimumRemoval before the copying process is finalized will lead to disruption of the file structure. When you have finished copying files, let the SD card remain for 30 seconds before you remove it.

Take note that you also need to make sure you use the SD Card recommended for the particular device. Lack of doing the same may result to a malfunction. Even though there are data recovery options, using the recommended SD card will reduce your chances of data loss. At the same time, it will reduce the costs associated with handling a damaged or corrupted hard drive.

External elements

Just like any other electronics, SD Cards do not respond well to extreme weather such as high temperatures, dirt or moisture. Never store the memory card in the trunk of your car during summer. You should also avoid keeping the card next to hot beverages such as hot teas/coffee. Contact points of the cards are quite sensitive. Therefore, they should be kept well. Additionally, you should ensure they are not scratched or damaged in any way.

Deleting pics and formatting

Some cameras have a very destructive way to delete photos permanently. Others have options for recovering photos. It is better to move photos to a computer instead of manually deleting or formatting them using the camera. This will ensure that all documents are okay and have met the standards required.

Editing or rotating files on the card

The majority of photo enthusiasts have reported errors which occur when a picture is rotated. The same errors occur when some of the same are being downloaded. When a photo is changed, the file structure and information changes. So a photo might be rotated but mess up the rest on the card. Make sure all photos have completed downloading before you rotate or edit using the camera’s functions.


The art of shooting new photos in place of those deleted is known as backfilling. The problem with the process is the new photos will attempt to fill ‘digital holes’ that are left by the photos deleted. In such situations, recovery is normally impossible. It is therefore important to be wary of deleting such photos.

Card readers are a friend

Card readers, easy to operate, make photo transfers worry free and easy to handle. Most of the devices are less than 20$. They additionally assist the camera to maintain power especially when you are downloading files. When a camera, or any other device, is low on power, there are problems when it is downloading. A card reader is a crucial device for any person who uses SD cards.

In short, SD cards are effective as long as they are handled properly. They are durable as long as proper care is implemented.

What is CPU over Clocking


CPU Overclocking is a process to increase the GHz rating of the CPU. The formula to calculate the speed of the CPU is as follows – The product of the FSB in MHz and the multiplier is the speed in MHz.

The FSB is a short form for Front Side Bus. CPU manufacturers have detected a method to raise the effective speed of the FSB. This is done by just sending more instructions per clock cycle. Thus, in every clock cycle, sometimes two or four instructions are sent. This results in increasing the FSB twice and four times respectively. This is of utmost significance. The reason is that when overclocking of the CPU is done, the user deals with the real FSB speed of the CPU and not the effective CPU speed.

When you over clock your CPU, it runs at speeds more than what it was intended to. This creates instability and produces more heat. To attain more over clocks, the CPU needs two things. It needs to be cooled down in order to run stable. It also needs more volts to run at higher speeds with stability. This produces more heat and that has to be controlled with the use of a capable cooler.

An overclocked CPU may seem to run fine and the user may often find the system crash for no reason. This is because the CPU is not able to handle higher speeds and it either needs to be cooled down or more voltages or both. Once that is done, the CPU has to undergo a series of tests to ensure it can run stable at higher speeds. For this, many free stress testing tools are available. Some of them are Prime95, wPrime, OCCT, IntelBurn Test etc.


Stress test calls for proper cooling

Stress testing your CPU for stability after any attempt of over clock is extremely important to ensure your system can handle any other task. Typically, stress testing applications load the CPU to 100% and you can see that in Windows Task Manager. As these programs stress the CPU to its maximum, the CPU will run very hot and proper cooling has to be employed. There are many good third-party coolers are available in the market ranging from 25 to 100+ dollars depending on the manufacturer and whether it is an air or liquid cooler.



Testing for Stability

Most of the stress applications can detect errors and can immediately stop the test and provide a notification to the user that there was a hardware problem. Sometimes, Windows will crash showing a Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) and that makes it clear that your over clock is not stable. If the system is unstable when running a stress test, you should see if the temperature is too much for the CPU to handle and provide more airflow inside the case. If that doesn’t help, you can increase the CPU VCore a notch to see if it can finish the test. If you find nothings makes the CPU stable, you have most probably reached the maximum over clock that particular CPU can handle.

What to know before stress testing

PSU – Before overclocking and stressing your CPU, you must make sure your power supply (PSU) can handle the overclock. Cheap PSUs usually blow up when stress testing as 100% CPU load can easily demand lots of power and cheap PSUs are not meant to handle that. Otherwise you will burn out your CPU, motherboard and might even loss valuable information that would require you to contact a Data Recovery Houston company. Consider purchasing a good PSU from companies like Corsair, Antec, Seasonic OCZ etc.


Cooling – As your CPU is going to heat up like never before (literally, because stress testing applications put the highest stress on the CPU), you must cool it down to attain higher overclocks, stability and longevity. Heat encourages electron migration in transistors and that can severely impact the CPUs lifespan. Apart from good case cooling, get a third-party air or water cooler. For most of the typical overclockers, air cooling is just enough. You can consider coolers from Thermalright, Zalman, Scythe, Noctua etc.

Motherboard – If you want to overclock, it is always better to purchase a good motherboard. This is because it is the motherboard that provides power to the CPU and it should be capable of handling the load. Overclockable boards come with high number of MOSFET power phases to provide reliable power. Cheap or substandard boards are not meant to overclock and may die when overclocking and stress testing.

Stress testing is the only way to make sure an overclocked CPU is stable. If overclock your CPU, you must stress test to ensure stability and if you want to stress test, you need better computer components.

Is Water Cooling Your Computer Safe?


A water-cooling method for a computer’s mechanism is just like the cooling operation of a motor vehicle. Both use the basic theory of thermodynamics – heat transfers from warmer matters to cooler ones. As the cooler matters become warmer, the warmer one becomes cooler.

Computers produce heat, particularly elements inside the system generate huge amounts of heat over minor areas: usually your central processor, graphic cards and RAM. Heat is therefore a ‘bad influence’ for your rig. Heat dispels from the radiators and the bigger the surface, the more the emission of heat.


There are various categories of radiators and they require particular water-cooling systems depending on how much cooling operation you need. In concept, a distinct 120mm radiator might dispel 150 Watts. Therefore, a radiator measuring 2x120mm is able to manage 300 Watts.

Once you have made a selection of individual elements, you are required to create the draft of your water-cooling method. For this, it assists in making an easy diagram indicating your requirements. A modest system has the water circulating out of the radiator to the processing unit of your computer, through to the GPU, the tank, pump, and finalizing back to the radiator. This method has a good performance as then the water-cooling goes over the processor unit when it is cool and the GPU and CPU appear to be close to each other as well.

When you doubt is water-cooling your computer safe, contemplate on the advantage it has on your computer. An advantage of water-cooling is that the distribution of the heat from the processor outside might be on a bigger area in contrast to the heat sinks on the newest CPU’s. The placing of a substantial measured radiator might be anywhere, in the interior or exterior case, provided there is adequate space.

When using water-cooling system, you will need a reservoir, which is an easy element. It is a basin of water with two openings. You are required to plan which component you desire water-cooling system. If it is just the CPU, a two hundred and forty radiator is certainly workable. You might as well opt for a T-Line, which is a substitute for a reservoir. Individuals who have no space for a reservoir normally use it.


With the newest trends of applying many graphic cards and processors in present high-performance workstations and gaming computer to guarantee the best achievement and work outcome, the effective water-cooling has developed rather challenging. The restriction areas of taking out huge extent of heat environment like a computer component happens natively at the cost of uneasily high noise level.

Is water-cooling your computer safe? When you think of the definition of cooling, you will surely know your answer. It is the greatest solution for quick heat elimination because of the supreme thermal operation. It is among the best solution that lets successful heat elimination from the significant areas of today’s computer with minimal noise pollution. Water blocks usually provide minimal profile cooling solution, therefore, letting more computer power in the equivalent cubic footprint. When fixed precisely and confidently, the water-cooling system does not need a lot of maintenance in comparison to the native air-cooled system.


Ways to Increase Your Computers Performance

You desperately need to speed up your computer because you are worn-out with the slow pace and are incapable of completing your job at the agreed time due to the slowness of your computer. You are looking for ways to increase your computer’s performance. You have looked for information about enhancing the computer performance. There are some significant tips on speeding up your computer’s functioning.

There is nothing more annoying that attempting to download a favorite game or web page and you realize your computer has frozen. I believe we all have experienced this situation and occasionally it might take almost a whole hour to respond. Maintaining your PC to be certain that it is at its best working condition is highly recommended.

You are required to examine in the registry foremost. This is the inherent program of your PC. You receive backups for each data you put in your computer in the registry. When there is an overload in your registry with the backups, you begin experiencing registry faults and they can create the slowing and hang ups in your computer. As soon as you clear up the registry with a recommended cleaner, you will definitely increase your computer’s performance.

There are other ways to increase your computer’s performance. It is advisable not to keep any redundant applications running while you are still working on your computer. If you realize this, delete them as soon as possible. You must not retain many symbols on your desktop if they are not in use.

Additionally, particularly if your computer has a small hard drive, attempt to boost the space in use. We all end up adding programs that we do not really require and with the progression of time, it affects your system and slows the memory procedures. A fast recovery solution on efficiently increase your computer’s performance is to uninstall any redundant programs and as well as deleting all of the unused files.

When you are still in it, you must delete your surfing history and accumulated cookies, and lastly drain your recycle bin. If you had not done this procedure in quite a while, you will definitely realize a dramatic change in the speed instantly.

One you have completed the above, you must ensue to run an error examination on your PC because corrupt files sometimes contribute to the decrease in speed of your computer system. You must then run the defragmentation selection on your system. It usually takes some time to finish, though it is well important because it organizes your files in a simple manner that your system can quickly access.

In summary to the mentioned ways to increase your computer’s performance, it is also good to safeguard your PC from spyware and viruses. The security might contribute to the slow speed vaguely, but it is significant to have it. Absence of it might put your computer at a risk of virus infection that is more dangerous and hard to remove.

Taking care of your computer must be a high priority and going by the simple steps will make certain that it is always at its best performance.

New CPU Technology

The use of the term computer generation is in different developments of new CPU technology. The acknowledgment of every generation of computers is by key technological advancement that essentially changed the style computers work, occasioning in increasingly powerful, tinnier, reliable, less expensive and effective reliable devices.

The earliest computers that was using vacuum tubes were usually big in size and occupied almost the whole room. You had to be among the rich to own one because they were expensive to maintain. Additionally, they consumed a large amount of electricity, emitted high temperature that was regularly the cause of faults. The development of the earliest computers was for the atomic energy trade.

Those computers depended on machine language to accomplish their duties and they may perhaps solve a single hitch at a time. Machine jargon were just the languages recognized by computers were almost difficult for people to apply as they consisted completely of numbers.

Nevertheless, they were using high-level computer programming jargon. Each processing unit had its particular special machine language. The writing of programs was running on separate kinds of computers. The basing of input was on paper tapes and punch cards whereas output was visible on printouts.

At the second generation, there was the invention of the transistor, although it was not until the end of the year fifties that there was a wide spread of it application in computers. Nevertheless, transistors rose to be the major element in every digital devices including computers.

The recent newest microprocessor consists of countless microscopic transistors. It brought about the new CPU technology. The built up of thousands of incorporated circuits are in a distinct chip that comprises a processing unit. The silicon chip has decreased the dimension of computers from the huge sluggish computers to a manageable on a PC or a desktop.

The new CPU technology is more superior letting them to be tinnier, quicker, compact and less expensive. They do not use much electricity and they are more consistent than their earlier generation prototypes. The computers are becoming smaller. Therefore, more speed, memory and power have as well fairly increased.

The modification of fresh discoveries in computers influence the way we play, live and work. With the modern invention in technology, computers are becoming an essential requirement for everybody. This has as well brought about the refurbishing of cheap or second-hand computers in order for individuals to make use of the latest trend of using computers.

Manufacturers of revamped computers are offering reasonable service by developing inexpensive computers that are affordable and offering the same functioning as the off the shelf computers. Because many individuals are not able to purchase contemporary makes, they choose to purchase second hand computers that are easily accessible, suitable for their usage and that are working effectively. As we continue developing in all areas of our lives, notice should be on how the next generation of the new CPU technology will look like. Experts are starting to make use of the term Nanotechnology, but a huge deal of advancement is yet to be.



A Beginner’s guide to Computer Overclocking


Overclocking is related to increasing the speed of a CPU, GPU or any other part per second, to perform effectively. In order to deal with heating problems, it must be ensured that proper cooling is provided to the CPU. The facility of overclocking can be enjoyed if the manufacturer’s CPUs are accompanied by unlocked multipliers. If you are looking forward to overclock your system, you must focus on purchasing an overclock friendly hardware.



You can opt for getting your CPUs overclocked due to following reasons:

  1. With the help of overclocking, your CPU will be able to carry out steady operations.
  2. If you are a gaming enthusiast, you’ll expect smooth and speedy performance of your hardware. However, in the presence of modernized CPUs, the charm of overclocking has lost somewhere.



  1. As you overclock the CPU, you increase the CPU’s heat. If you overclock beyond limits, or if you don’t cool it properly, there are chances that you end up permanently damaging the CPU chip.
  2. Although it is not common for the hardware to get damaged, there are high chances that overclocking may lead to an unstable computer. It is also common to expect system errors and restarts.



Before starting with the procedure of overclocking, you must ensure that there are minimum chances of heat. For this purpose, a heat sink and fan is given along with the CPU to control heat produced. You may also use a water-cooling base to minimize the amounts of heat generated while overclocking. Firstly, it is pushed through tubes for extracting the heat. Then, it is taken out of the case where the radiator releases heat in the air.



In order to overclock in BIOS, you will be required to have access to computer’s BIOS and enhance the CPU’s voltage or clock speed as per your preference. After you have increased it by a small amount, boot your computer. You must ensure that the temperature of your computer is not high and proper cooling is still taking place. If cooling will be affected, it will have a direct impact on your computer. The level of overclocking should not be increased in one go, instead the system should be overclocked by making small increases in temperature till the time system is running constantly. If instability arises, the temperature should be reduced to the previous level.



You can get overclock related information from various sites including overclock.net and certain guides for CPUs.